John S. Burnsides, P. O., Marshall. Son of Archibald and Susan Burnsides, of Rockingham county, Virginia, was born in this county, October 14, 1840, where he parents had moved in 1826, and where his mother died in 1851. He is thoroughly identified with the interests of this county, having been born and bred on the soil. He was raised on his father’s farm near Miami, where he lived until the war. He identified himself with the Union, and volunteered under Capt. Love; then served under Capt. Wightman. Served through the war, came home and December 25, 1865, was married to Miss Laura Hisle, daughter of Jesse and Ann Hisle, of Virginia. They have five children: John W., Sue A., Charles H., and Harry W. Page 648

Minor Major, P. O. Blackburn. Mr. Major was born in Franklin county, Kentucky, August 10, 1835, where he lived until thirteen years old, and then moved with his parents to Missouri, and settled in this county. He is a son of Oliver T. and Nancy Major, of Franklin county, Kentucky. He was educated at Bethany College, Virginia, where he graduated in 1858. He then returned to Saline, and taught school to the beginning of the war. In 1861, he joined the M. S. G., and served in Parson’s brigade, and was at the battles of Carthage, Wilson Creek, and Lexington. From Lexington he returned home sick. In December, 1861, he started south with Robinson’s regiment of recruits, and was captured on Blackwater, December 19, 1861, and taken to St. Louis, and Alton, Illinois, and was released on oath and came home. In May, 1862, he entered the Confederate "Secret Service," in which he continued during the rest of the war, and passed through many remarkable adventures, and had many hair-breadth escapes. In the latter part of 1863, and in 1864, a reward of $100,000 was offered by the government for apprehension, or even for his name, of which the government was ignorant. In 1864, he was employed by the secret service in the destruction of shipping at New York, and of steamboats at St. Louis. Was also employed in stirring up the Knights of the Golden Circle throughout the North, and was engaged in the great conspiracy to release the prisoners at Camp Douglas, near Chicago, on the day of the presidential election, November, 1864, forming the nucleus of an army, burn the city of Chicago, and march to Richmond by way of Cincinnati, or Philadelphia. Mr. Major, however, escaped undetected, as he had in so many other tight places, when the conspiracy was disclosed, and so many of the conspirators captured. He continued in this service to the end, and in May, 1865, President Johnson issued a proclamation for his arrest, on which he went to Canada, and from thence to Mexico. After the civil supremacy was restored, he returned to his home in this county, and has since lived quietly on his farm. On the 2d of October, 1866, he married Miss Sallie Thompson, daughter of Manlius V. and Mary Thompson, of Pettis county, formerly of Kentucky. Her father was in the Mexican war, and was afterwards Lieut-Governor of Kentucky. To this union was born four children: Olive W., Mary T., Albert, and John M. Page 648-649

James Lennon, P. O., Mt. Leonard. Son of Thomas and Mary McKeiver Lennon, of county, Armagh, Ireland, was born August 15, 1834, and lived in Ireland until he was seventeen years of age. In 1852 he came to the United States, and settled first in New York. In 1853 he moved to St. Charles county, Missouri, and lived there three years. He then moved to Monroe county, and lived there until 1861. In June, 1861, he joined Harris’ brigade, under Gen. Green, and was in the battles of Wilson Creek, Blackwater, Ark., Helena, and Vicksburg. On the 26th of December, 1867, he was married to Miss Mary McFarland of Ireland. Was married in New York. Page 649

Dr. H. J. Halley, P. O., Blackburn. Dr. Halley is a son of H. S. and Elizabeth Halley, of Fauquier county, Virginia, and was born in Fauquier county November 24, 1831, where he was raised, and educated at Warren Green Academy, Virginia. Dr. Halley graduated in medicine at the Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, March, 1856. He came to Missouri on a visit, and was so captivated with Saline county, that he returned and located here in 1858, buying the farm on which he now lives. In September, 1860, he married Miss Estatine Deal, daughter of Capt. G. W. Deal, of this county, and has five children living: Mollie M., Virginia Lee, Henry J., Anna L., and Lulu Estatine. Page 650

T. J. Fitzpatrick, P. O., Blackburn. The subject of this sketch is one of the old citizens of the county. He came to Missouri in 1846, and first settled in Lafayette county, and then moved to this county in 1858, and entered the farm on which he now lives. He was born in Kentucky, in 1832, in Pulaski county, and moved to Missouri with his father in 1846. His sympathy was all with the south in the war. He was in Marmaduke’s command until the General was captured, in 1864, and then was under Gen. Clark. Mr. Fitzpatrick was married in 1851 to Miss Lenora A. Davis, of Lafayette county, Missouri, and has two children: Sallie F. (Coates), and William A. Page 650

Dr. J. M. Fackler, P. O. Blackburn. Was born in Augusta county, Virginia, in 1816, where he was raised and educated, and lived until 1843, when, with his parent, he moved to Missouri. He was educated in Staunton, and received his medical education at the St. Louis Medical College, where he graduated in 1849. He practiced medicine in Oregon and California. In December, 1839, he was married to Miss Amanda McClanahan, daughter of Morris and Letitia McClanahan, of Staunton, Virginia. By this marriage he has four children, two of them now living: Virginia and Amanda. His eldest son, Wiley, was killed by the Indians on the plains. Page 650

Col. Elijah Magoffin, P. O., Mt. Leonard. Son of Ebenezer and Margaret Magoffin, of Mercer county, Kentucky. Was born in Mercer county, June 3, 1837, where he was raised, and graduated at the Missouri State University. In 1856, he moved to Boone county, Missouri, and the next year to Pettis county, and there lived with his father until the war came on. His father was a warm southern man, and took an active part in the struggle. In a skirmish at Georgetown, in Pettis county, he killed two militia men, for which he was tried at Lexington and sentenced to be hung. He was released, however, in exchange for Gov. King and Judge Ryland, who were held as prisoners by Major Elijah Magoffin. In December, 1861, he and his sons started south in Robinson’s regiment of recruits, and were captured on Blackwater, December 19, 1861. Mr. Magoffin was again tried, and sentenced to be shot; the sentence was delayed, and he was put in close confinement at Alton, Ill. Before the sentence was executed, he escaped from Alton, by his sons tunneling under the walls, which cost them twenty days’ hard work. Soon after his escape, he was stabbed without provocation by one Cordle; the murderer was pursued by Major E. Magoffin, caught and hung. In April, 1865, Major Magoffin was promoted at the battle of Jenkins’ Ferry. He was in every important battle fought during the war in the trans-Mississippi department, and distinguished himself as a brave and knightly soldier, and as one of the most unflinching advocates of the southern cause; but when that cause was lost, he surrendered at Shreveport, and returned home, and has since led a quiet life in the vocation of a farmer. In February, 1872, he married Miss Nannie Fackler, daughter of George and Elizabeth Fackler, of this county. Two children, George Fackler and Ebenezer Vest, have been born to this union. Page 650-651

Samuel T. Martin, P. O., Blackburn. Born in Winchester, Clark county, Kentucky, and was the son of Dr. Samuel D. and Elizabeth Taylor Martin. He remained in Kentucky until he was thirty-two years old, and was educated at Augusta College, Bracken county, Kentucky. December 31, 1839, he was married to Miss Ann Eliza Jones, and has eleven children, eight of whom are now living, viz.: George T., Fannie T., Mary D., Frank T., Kate, Helen, Anna, and Hester. His first wife died in May, 1866. In July, 1870, he married Miss Ann J. Francisco, daughter of George Francisco, of Saline county, and by her has had three children: Samuel D., John T., and William Ross Martin. Page 651

Dr. Joseph W. Campbell, P. O., Elmwood. Son of Judge John and Hattie Campbell, of Somerset county, Pennsylvania; was born in Pennsylvania, in 1842, where he was raised. In 1862 he went to Iowa and settled at Ottumwa, where he read medicine. He then moved to Chariton, Iowa, in 1862, read medicine with Dr. E. D. Black, of Agency City, and in 1863 and ’64 attended Rush Medical College, where he graduated; he then moved to Chariton, Iowa, where he first practiced, and engaged in the retail drug trade, under firm of Campbell & Son. In the spring of 1865, he moved to Calio, Macon county, Missouri. In the fall of the next year he moved to Salisbury, Chariton county, Missouri, and practiced medicine there until 1869. He then moved to Montgomery county, Kansas, and remained there until 1879, and then moved to Elmwood in this county, where he is now engaged in the practice of his profession. Page 651

Dr. Thomas P. Hereford, P. O., Elmwood. Son of Sydenham Hereford, M. D., of Putnam county, West Virginia; was born July 20, 1836, in Fauquier county, Virginia. His early life was spent at Red House Shoals, and was educated at Kanawha, West Virginia. He graduated in medicine at the Jefferson medical college, Philadelphia, March 12, 1860, and practiced in Kanawha county, West Virginia, for ten years. In 1870 he came to Saline county and settled in Elmwood, where he practiced for about ten years; and then gave up the practice and engaged in the mercantile business, in Elmwood. He carries a large stock, and is also postmaster at Elmwood. In 1861 he enlisted in the Confederate army, under W. H. F. Lee, in Virginia, and fought under him through the whole war, being an officer in Lee’s division, except a few days imprisonment in Camp Chase, Ohio. In February, 1865, he married Miss Ruth Jameson, of Pulaski county, Virginia, and has one son Sydenham. His first wife died, and in July, 1875, he married Miss Maggie Fitzpatrick, of Pulaski county, Kentucky. Page 651-652

G. Thomas Martin, P. O., Elmwood. Son of Samuel and Ann J. Martin; was born May 30, 1841, in Clark county, Kentucky, where he lived until 1850, and then moved with his parents to Missouri, and settled in Saline county. He was educated at Elk Horn academy, Clark county, Kentucky. In the war he enlisted in M. S. G. army, though a boy of twenty, under Gen. Gordon. Went to Camp Holcoway, next to Lexington, then to southwest Missouri. Was in the battles of Carthage, Dry Wood, Oak Hill and Lexington, and was discharged at Osceola. Enlisted in the Confederate service February, 1862, at Cane Hill, Arkansas; was in the battle of Elk Horn; then went to Memphis, and from there to Corinth, and reached there two days after the battle of Shiloh; at battle of Iuka. Was then transferred to the Second Missouri artillery, commanded by King. Was in every battle in the Georgia campaign to Atlanta. Was under Gen. Forrest at Okalona, and surrendered at Gainsville, Alabama, May 10, 1865. On the 24th of August, 1866, Mr. Martin married Miss Mary E. Francisco, and has one boy, George Martin. Page 652

Dr. George F. Smith, P. O. Elmwood, son of William and Margaret Smith of Meade county, Kentucky, where he was born April 13, 1848. He was raised in Meade county, and educated at Pitts Point Academy. He attended medical lectures at the Medical College of Louisville, graduating in 1871. Afterwards he attended the Bellvue Medical College, New York City, 1874 and 1875. In 1875 he located at Houstonia; moved to Brownsville in this county in 1876, and practiced five years. In 1881 he left Brownsville, and located at Elmwood, where he now practices his profession. In 1875 he was married to Miss Mary D. Longan, of Pettis county, daughter of Frederic Longan. She died February, 1879, and he married Miss Sallie L. Pollard, daughter of H. Pollard, of Brownsville. By his first wife, Maggie E. and Gaillard were born. He joined the confederate army at sixteen, and fought through the war. Page 652

James A. Halley, P. O., Elmwood; son of Henry S. and Elizabeth Halley of Fauquier county, Virginia; was born in Rappahannock county, Virginia, May 14, 1829, where he lived to his eighth year, when his father moved to Fauquier county. He lived there until he moved to Missouri in 1853. In 1858 he married Miss Susan E. Deal, daughter of Capt. George Deal, of this county, and has ten children living: George H. S., Alice V., Warren Hampton, Annie B., William Preston, Joseph Whitfield, James A., Mary Ellen, Oscar T., and Pearl. Mr. Halley was unfortunate during the war, losing all his property; was broken up by the militia. Two of his children were made deaf by severe attacks of yellow fever, and were educated at Fulton, Missouri. Page 652-653

John W. Armentrout, P. O., Elmwood; son of David and Mary B. Armentrout, of Rockingham county, West Virginia; he went to school in Harrisonburg, and spent the early part of his life on his father’s farm. In the spring of 1868, he came to Missouri, and settled in Lafayette county, but soon removed to Saline. In May, 1861, he enlisted in Captain Payne’s company; through 1861 he was in the western part of Virginia; was in the seven days fight at Richmond, Antietam, Fredricksburg, Millersburg, Gettysburg, Shepherdstown, where he was taken prisoner, and confined in Fort McHenry, Fort Delaware, Point Lookout, etc. On the 4th of February, 1867, he married Miss Agnes Baker, of Virginia; one child was born, Thomas J. His first wife died, August 2, 1872, and he married Miss Lizzie Smith, daughter of John Smith, October 12, 1878. Page 653

Robert A. Hall, P. O., Elmwood. Son of Joseph W. and Sarah A. Hall, of Boyle county, Kentucky, was born at Dover, Lafayette county, Missouri, November 11, 1847. When he was a child, his father moved to this county, 1848, and has since lived here. When the war came his elder brother went with a company, leaving Robert with his aged parents. He remained and protected them through the war. In 1874 Mr. Hall was married to Sue E. Hays, daughter of William and Mary A. Hays, of this county, and has two children. Page 653

William Hays, deceased. Was a son of Isaac and Catherine Hays, of Virginia; was born in Pulaski county, Kentucky, in 1807. In 1831 he was married to Miss Mary Buster, of Pulaski county, Kentucky, by whom he had eight children: Martha, John B., Samuel E., Sarah W., Susan E., William C., Charles L., and Mary B. In 1841 Mr. Hays moved to Missouri and settled in Saline county, near where Elmwood now stands. He died in December, 1863.

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Monroe Floyd, P. O., Elmwood. Son of John and Matilda Floyd, of Pulaski county, Kentucky, where he was born June 15, 1841. His father died in 1856, and he then went to live with his grandfather for two years, then returned to his mother’s farm, and conducted the same until the war broke out. In 1861 he entered the first regiment raised in Kentucky, and was second lieutenant in the third Kentucky volunteers, company C. In one year he resigned, and merchandised for three years. In 1873 he came to this county, where he now is. July 5, 1864, he married Miss Mollie Kain, daughter of Andrew and Margaret Kain, of Grayson county, Virginia, and has seven children: J. F., W. E., M. A., C. W., Andrew, Maggie and Nellie. Page 653-654

Anderson Hunter, P. O., Elmwood. Son of Thomas and Polly Hunter, who moved to Missouri, in the fall of 1830, from Pulaski county, Kentucky, and entered a fine farm near where Anderson now lives. Thomas Hunter was one of the old citizens of Saline, and died August 13, 1874, his widow surviving him four years. Anderson Hunter was born in Pulaski county, Kentucky, March 3, 1830, and came with his parents to Saline of that year, where he was raised and educated. In February, 1858, he was married to Miss Letitia J. Fitzpatrick, daughter of Schuyler and America Fitzpatrick, of Saline, formerly of Pulaski county, Kentucky. They have three children living: Samuel. S., Mamie E. and James Anderson. Page 654

William B. Miller, P. O., Elmwood. Son of Gen William and Elizabeth Miller, formerly of Danville, Kentucky, who moved to Missouri in the spring of 1837. He was born in Danville, Kentucky, April 7, 1827, and came to Saline with his parents in 1837, and passed the early part of his life on his father’s farm, and was educated at Booneville, Missouri, under Dr. Harris. At the age of twenty-one he went to California, and remained there fifteen months, trying mining. Returned to Missouri, and after clerking two years in Booneville, took charge of his father’s farm. March 20, 1856, he married Miss Rachael A. Wayland, of Clark county, Missouri, whose parents moved from Virginia to Missouri in 1837. By this union they have one child—John G. Miller, Esq., of Marshall, now justice of the peace for Marshall township. Page 654

James B. Dysart, P. O., Elmwood. Son of Thomas M. and Elizabeth B. Dysart, of Kentucky, formerly of Washington, Virginia. His parents moved to Missouri, and settled in Saline in the early days of the county, and were married in this county in 1840. James B. was born August 30, 1842, near where Elmwood now stands, in this county, was raised on his father’s farm, and educated at home. In November, 1867, he was married to Miss Lutie M. Pollard, daughter of Dr. H. E. Pollard, of Saline. By this marriage, he has four children: William Clarence, Emma Daisie, Annie E., and Jessie Clyde. At the breaking out of the war, Mr. Dysart enlisted on the southern side under Joe Shelby, and was with him until he (Dysart) was wounded at Springfield, January 8, 1860, the scar of which he still bears. While suffering he was taken prisoner and paroled. In March, 1863, he was taken prisoner and confined at Sedalia, and from there to St. Louis, and then to Alton, Illinois, and exchanged at City Point, Virginia. He rejoined at King’s salt works West Virginia, King’s battery—where he remained until Lee called them to Richmond, and while on the way, Lee surrendered, and they were disbanded. Page 654-655

J. Craig Hays, P. O., Elmwood. Son of Isaac and Catherine A. Hays, of Pulaski county, Kentucky, formerly of Virginia, was born in Pulaski county August 8, 1819, was raised on a farm, and educated in his native state. He came to Missouri in the fall of 1837, and entered a section of land (in partnership with his brother) where he now lives, near Elmwood in this county. He afterwards sold this, and entered other lands in this, and Buchanan counties. In 1844 he was married to Miss Margaret J. Taber, daughter of Chris. Taber. In the spring of 1848 she died, leaving one child, which died in infancy. After his wife’s death he went to California, and returned in 1855, and bought the old place, and lived with Mr. and Mrs. Taber until their death. In November, 1866, he married Mrs. Sarah E. Dawson, widow of John J. Dawson. Page 655

A. J. Naylor, P. O., Elmwood. The subject of this sketch is a son of James and Mary H. Naylor, of Frederick county, Maryland, and he was born in Frederick county, April 29, 1821. When he was six years of age his mother died, and young as he was, he was thrown among strangers, to make his way in the world. Until sixteen years old, he worked in a woolen factory. He then became engaged as a machinist for ten years, during which he spent two years in Cuba. On the 3d of June, 1850, he was married to Miss Kittie A. Dorsey, daughter of Allen Dorsey, of Poplar Springs, Maryland, and has three children: Clara L., James A. and Mary E. (Mrs. Ransberger). Soon after his marriage, he moved to Baltimore, where he lived for three years. He then came west, to this county, and settled, where he now lives. During the war he remained at home and took no part in the struggle. He spent eighteen month, however, in traveling through the western states, during the war period. Page 655

Thomas H. Boulware, P. O., Elmwood. Mr. Boulware came to Saline county, in 1856, and engaged in farming until the last five years, during which he has been engaged in merchandising. He was born in King George county, Virginia, October 15, 1812, and is the son of Thomas and Ellen Boulware, of King George county, Virginia, and was educated in his native state. At the age of twenty-one he went to Madison county, where he had a tailor shop, and afterwards farmed. March 24, 1840, he married Miss Jane M. Clark, daughter of Reuben and Martha Clark, of Madison county, Virginia. They have ten children, eight now living: Earnest, Mary E., Ellen W., Percy, Herman, Reubie E., Wanda, Jane Fletcher. Page 655

John Carmean, P. O., Elmwood. A native of Ohio; is one of Saline’s model farmers, and is a son of John and Nancy G. Carmean, of Maryland. He was born in Ross county, Ohio, January 4, 1814; spent his early life on his father’s farm, and was educated in the schools of Ross county. He gave five years to the carpenter’s trade, and lived on the homestead place twenty years prior to coming to Missouri. In April, 1866, he came to this county and bought the beautiful Johnson farm, now known as Pleasant Ridge, where he now lives. On the 6th of October, 1840, he married Miss Susannah De Horen, youngest child of Harman and Magdaline G. De Horen, natives of Pennsylvania. To this union were born six children, five now living: Eliza E. (Mrs. Coulter), Magdaline (Mrs. Clineard), Millard F., Floyd J., and Lester L. Baxter, the eldest, died November, 1874. Page 655-656

James McNair, P. O., Mt. Leonard. Was born in Campbelltown, Scotland. He left Scotland when a boy, and settled in New Brunswick, where he was engaged in getting out lumber for the British market. In January, 1859, he came to the United States, stopping in Chicago one year; then came to Pettis county, Missouri, and lived there fourteen years, wagon-making at Smithton. In 1875 he moved to Petra, in this county, where he lived four years, and then came to Mt. Leonard, among the first settlers, and bought the wagon-maker’s shop which he now works, and is doing a successful business. In December, 1861, he was married to Miss Rosanna Wallace, daughter of Josiah Wallace, of Pettis county, and has one child, Lizzie. Mrs. McNair died in May, 1875. Page 656

Benj. F. Buckner, P. O., Mt. Leonard. Son of Horace and Mary Buckner, of Madison county, Virginia; was born in Madison county, April 30, 1830. When a boy he learned the carpenter trade, and has successfully followed it since, except eight years, during which time he farmed in this county. In 1855 he left Virginia and came to Missouri, worked in Lafayette, then bought a farm in Saline, and lived on it eight years. He sold his farm, and returned to his trade, and has built all, or nearly all the houses in Mt. Leonard and Shackelford. During the war he was in Saline. In 1865 he sold out at a great sacrifice and returned to Virginia. He was one of the contractors and builders of the old court house recently burnt. Page 656

George K. Dorsey, P. O., Mt. Leonard. Son of Alfred and Charlotte Dorsey, of Maryland, was born in Washington City, September 24, 1844, and while a small boy, moved with his father to Madison, Indiana, where they stayed eighteen months, and then moved to Missouri, and settled in this county. October, 1849. Lived on his father’s farm until the war broke out, then joined Shelby’s command C. S. A., and was with him through the war, except while in Marmaduke’s escort. He won the name of a brave, true soldier. (See soldier’s record.) After the war he returned home, and was married to Miss Margaret Hunter, in February, 1866, daughter of Weatherford & Polly Hunter, of Lafayette county, Missouri. They had six children, of whom four are now living: Mary C., William, George, and Elizabeth. Page 656-657

Nathaniel L. Richardson, P. O., Mt. Leonard. Pioneer member of the firm of Leonard & Richardson, proprietors of the elevator and lumber yard, Mt. Leonard, is a young man of energy and enterprise, and is son of Dr. Robert P. and Medora Richardson, of St. Jo., Missouri. He was born at Bell Air, Cooper county, Missouri, July 31, 1854, and was educated at Kemper’s High School, Booneville, Missouri, and at St. Jo. high school, where he graduated. He then went into business at St. Jo. In 1878 he came to this county, and engaged with the firm with which he is now connected, and built the Mt. Leonard elevator. Page 657

James W. Elsea, P. O., Elmwood. Son of Isaac and Frances Elsea, of Warren county, Virginia, where he was born, July 4, 1826, and lived until fifteen years old, when he came with his parents to Lafayette county, Missouri. When he was twenty-two years old, he went to California, but soon returned to Missouri, and made his home in Lafayette county until after the war. In 1866 he moved to Saline, and bought the homestead, Noel’s Ridge, where he now lives. On the 21st of March, 1860, he was married to Miss M. E. Pierce, daughter of Robert and Ann Pierce, of Rappahannock county, Virginia, and has five children: Robert Richardson, William K., Ada McGeorge, Ida May and Daisy. Page 657

Richard B. Davis, P. O., Mt. Leonard. Is the owner of the beautiful farm, known as Ash Grove, and is the second son of Nathaniel and Mary Davis, of Guilford county, North Carolina, where he was born, September 17, 1831, and lived until six years old. In 1837 he moved with his parents to Lafayette county, Missouri, where he lived until the spring of 1853, except five years, spent in Johnson county. In 1853 he went to California, and remained eighteen months. He then returned to Missouri, and settled on the farm where he now lives. He was married May 12, 1855, to Miss Sarah Davis, daughter of Wm. L. and Dorothy Davis, formerly of North Carolina. They have seven children: George W., Caroline S., Hattie A., Richard S., Lenora A., Gertrude H. and Clarence E. Page 657

James M. Hays, P. O., Elmwood. The subject of this sketch is the second son of Charles and Elizabeth Hays, old citizens of Saline, having come here in 1838. He was born in Pulaski county, Kentucky, October 27, 1837, and the next year came with his parents to this county, where he was raised and educated. When the war broke out he joined the Confederate army, and was with Gen. Shelby throughout the whole period of the war, and surrendered in 1865. On the 4th of December, 1866, he married Miss Mary C. Rothwell, daughter of James C. and Mary R. Rothwell, of Albemarle county, Virginia, and has five children living: Charles C., John W., Mary Lizzie, Mattie J., and Katie D.

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Rev. Olcott Bulkley, P. O., Blackburn. Son of A. Bulkley, of Connecticut, and Esther Bulkley, of Massachusetts, was born in Sheldon, Franklin county, Vermont, Nov. 28, 1808, where he was raised. Educated at Bristol College, and studied theology at Alexandria, Virginia. After completing his course, and being ordained a minister in the Episcopal church, he settled first in Frederick county, Maryland, then in Cumberland county, Virginia. From there he came to Missouri, and settled in this county. During his rectorship here, he had charge of the parish known as St. Thomas. In 1869 he had charge of Grace Church in Jefferson City, for six years, and was chaplain of the penitentiary during that time, and was also president of the Jefferson City Female Seminary. In consequence of the broken state of his health, he was compelled to retire to his farm in Saline, which consists of 400 acres of fine land on Quality Ridge, and to give up his active ministry, in a great measure. He was married November 19, 1840, to Miss Ann E. Johnson, of Frederick county, Maryland, and has had eleven children, eight of who are living: Elena, (Mrs. Dr. Pelot), Elizabeth H., Ann Rebecca, Charles S., Mary L., Henrietta J., Laura B., Olcott S. Two of his sons, William A. and Channing, were killed in battle during the war. They were brave and gallant boys of nineteen and twenty-one years of age, and fell fighting for what they thought was right. Page 658

Manlius P. Suggett, P. O., Blackburn. Son of Milton and Aurora Suggett, of Scott county, Kentucky, whose parents were from Virginia, was educated at the Georgetown, Kentucky, military academy. After completing his education, he entered the commission business at Helena, Arkansas, firm of Suggett & Co. When the war came he sympathized with the south, and in 1862 joined Gen. Morgan’s command at Lexington, Kentucky, and was with him until the battle of Murfreesboro, after which he was under Gen. Wheeler, and continued, fighting in many of the great battles of the war. Was with Wade Hampton in North Carolina, while following Sherman daily. He was with Breckinridge and Duke through Georgia, and surrendered at Savannah, Georgia, at the close of the war. After the war he came to this county and settled on the farm where he now lives, farming and stock-raising. On the 26th of January, 1859, he married Miss Sallie A. Peak, daughter of Leland W. and Eliza N. Peak, of Scott county, Kentucky, where she was educated at the Georgetown seminary. They have had six children, four of them, Leland W., Lucy M., Manlius P., and Sallie A., are now living. Page 658

William Vansickler, P. O., Blackburn; was born in Loudon county, Virginia, May 19, 1820, and is the son of Jon and Sarah H. Vansickler, of Virginia. He was raised and educated in Virginia, and in 1845 he was married to Miss Eunice Coe, daughter of Robert and Elizabeth Coe, and lived on a farm for about fourteen years. He then moved to Parkersburg, and then to Wirt county, West Virginia, where he lived during the war. Mr. Vansickler has eight children living; Sarah J. (Mrs. Dr. Pethy, of Virginia), Elizabeth A., Emily Catherine, William Henderson, Arabella (Mrs. Miller), Hortensia (Mrs. Miles), Robertie Lee, and Floyd Jenkins. Mr. Vansickler has a splendid farm of 227 acres, 100 acres in wheat and seventy acres in corn. He raises seventeen barrels of corn to the acre, and 1600 bushels of wheat from eighty acres. Page 658-659

Colin M. Pinkerton, P. O., Mt. Leonard; son of Capt. William and Elizabeth L. Pinkerton, of Brook county, Virginia, was born January 24, 1820, and is the sixth son in a family of seven sons and four daughters. All the sons, except the subject of this sketch, were preachers of the gospel, five of the Christian denomination. In 1841, Capt. Pinkerton moved to Warren county, Ohio, where he had charge of the academy. In 1844 he went to Kentucky, where he engaged in teaching, having had charge of several colleges and seminaries. He was a man of vast information and a genial disposition; kind, gentle, and generally beloved by all who knew him. He lost his sight at sixty-seven years of age. In 1857 he moved to this county, and farmed, adjoining Marshall. In 1859 he engaged in the drug business. When the war came on he went into the army under General Slack, of the M. S. G. After the state guard disbanded he enlisted under General Shelby, and was transferred to Marmaduke’s escort; came into Missouri with Shelby and was cut off. After the war, returned to his farm in Saline, where he now is. In September, 1850, he married Miss L. T. Davis, of Woodford county, Kentucky, a relative of Jefferson Davis, and a cousin of General Lee. They have four children, Ida L., Maggie P. (Mrs. Davis), Davis M., and Kate Lee. Page 659

Thomas A. Gunnell, P. O., Mt. Leonard. Is the only son of John T. and Elizabeth (Major) Gunnell, originally of Virginia, later of Kentucky, was born in Christian county, Kentucky, January 13, 1821. While an infant, his mother died, and he was raised by his grandparents, in Franklin county, Kentucky, and was educated at Bacon College, now Kentucky University. In the spring of 1844, Mr. Gunnell left Kentucky and came to Missouri, settled in the western part of this county, and improved a large farm, upon which he has since lived. In 1847, he married Miss Marian W. Thompson, daughter of Gen. David Thompson, of Scott county, Kentucky, who moved to Pettis county, Missouri, in 1832. He has had seven children, five now living: Albert, (California), Volney C., (Colorado), Eva, (Mrs. Bradley), Kate B., and Lutie. Page 659

T. B. R. Carthrae, P. O., Mt. Leonard. Was born in Saline county, January 10, 1841. His father, Addison F. Carthrae, was a native of Rockingham county, Virginia, and his mother, Sidna E. Carthrae, was a daughter of Tyree Brown, of Albemarle county, Virginia. T. B. R. was the second child, and was educated at the Miami institute; and then continued on the farm with his parents until 1861. In 1862, he enlisted in the 1st regiment, Missouri cavalry, Shelby’s old regiment, afterwards Gordon’s, C. S. A., and was engaged in the battles of Saline River, Helena, where he was taken prisoner to Indianapolis, Indiana, and held there until the war closed. He then returned home and carried on his mother’s farm, his father having died during the war. He continued farming for several years. He then read law in Marshall, was admitted to the bar, and practiced several years in Marshall. In 1872, he moved to Malta Bend, and located there, practiced law for a while, and then went into the mercantile business, through the aid of Mr. J. R. Lunbeck, a gentleman of that town, in which he was successful, and developed into a good business man. He is now doing a successful business in the town of Mt. Leonard, on the C. & A. R. R., in this county. Mr. Carthrae was married on the 4th of December, 1878, to a daughter of Ora Cottle, of St. Charles county, Missouri. His wife, Mrs. Mattie B. Carthrae, is a lady of fine sense, and like her husband, is greatly esteemed by all who know her. They have two children: Dotia, and Jay St. John Carthrae. Page 659-660

Alexander Hord, P. O., Blackburn. Son of Thomas and Mary Hord, early settlers of Kentucky (formerly of Virginia). His parents died while he was young, and he was raised by his grandfather, and educated in Kentucky. In the fall of 1860, he came to Missouri and settled in this county, where he has since lived. He has a fine farm of 285 acres, and gives his attention chiefly to wheat raising and grass. On the 16th of April, 18__, he married to Miss Sallie Lee Davis, of Woodford county, Kentucky, daughter of Hancock and Margaret Kincaid Davis, of that county. In 1861, he joined the M. S. G. under the call of Gov. Jackson, and was in the battles of Wilson’s Creek and Carthage. In December, 1861, he started south with Col. Robinson’s recruits, and was captured December 19, 1861, on Blackwater, taken to St. Louis, then to Alton, Illinois, from which place he was released, on taking the oath, and returned home in 1862. Page 660

George W. Washburn, P. O., Blackburn. Mr. Washburn is the eighth son (of a family of fifteen boys) of Seth and Rebecca Paine Washburn, of Randolph, Orange county, Vermont. His father represented his county in the state senate of Vermont. His education was obtained in Randolph, where he took an academic course. At the age of sixteen, he went, first to Kentucky, then to Illinois, and there engaged in teaching school, for sixteen years, at Petersburg, the academy of Springfield, etc. From Illinois he came to Missouri, in 1851, and settled in this county; taught school. On the 7th of September, 1854, he married Miss Ann E. Burnes, daughter of William C. and Elizabeth K. Burnes, of Jefferson county, Virginia. He then commenced farming, in which he is now engaged. He has six children: William Seth, Elizabeth P., George L., Mary V., Albert L. and Laura. Much of his attention is given to thoroughbred stock, cattle, hogs and sheep. Page 660-661

Capt. Lafayette Shindler, P. O. Blackburn. Son of George and Susan Shindler, of Shelby county, Kentucky, where he was born, in 1825, raised and educated. Came to Missouri in 1850, and located near Dover, in Lafayette county, for a year, and then moved to Waverly, same county, where he engaged in the drug business with Dr. J. M. Tucker. Enlisted in the Confederate army when the war broke out, and was captain of company D. Shelby’s old regiment, 1st Missouri cavalry, and was at the battles of Coon Creek, Cane Hill, Newtonia, Prairie Grove, Helena, and in several fights with Steele on his march to Little Rock, Pine Bluff, and in all the Arkansas battles, and was slightly wounded. Surrendered at Shreveport in 1865. Returned to Waverly and engaged in general mercantile business. In 1873 he bought a farm near Blackburn, where he now lives, and devotes his attention to farming. Page 661

Henry A. Taylor, P. O., Blackburn. One of the founders of Mt. Leonard. Son of David and Rebecca Taylor. Was born in Ohio, July 17, 1829, and lived there until October, 1867, when he moved to this county and bought land near where the town of Mt. Leonard now is, and went to farming extensively, raising an average of 2,000 bushels of wheat on 100 acres of land and an average of 75 bushels of corn per acre on 120 acres. January 20, 1849, he was married to Miss Elizabeth Spears, daughter of Samuel and Mary Spears, of Ohio, and has four children living: Samuel, Arthur, David and Wm. Henry. Page 661

Thomas B. Trent, P. O., Blackburn. Mr. Trent was born near Somerville, Tennessee, April 12, 1852, where he was raised and educated, to his nineteenth year, when he entered the mercantile business, and continued the same until May, 1878, when he came to this county and taught school. In 1879 he located in the new town of Blackburn, and again embarked in the mercantile business, in which he is now engaged. Page 661

Thomas J. Doyle, P. O., Blackburn; was born in Marshall, Calhoun county, Michigan. When quite young, he moved to Chicago, Illinois, and lived there until the great fire. He learned his trade, that of wagon and carriage making, in Chicago. In 1871 he moved to Saline county, Missouri, and settled at Petra, and worked at his trade. In 1876 he moved to Fairville, and in 1878 he moved to Blackburn, where he is extensively engaged in the manufacturing of wagons, carriages, buggies, etc. He was the first man of family who settled in Blackburn, and his daughter, the first child born in Blackburn. Mr. Doyle was married in February, 1873, to Miss America Cots, and had five children, four now living: Alice, Katie, Edna, and Lizzie. Page 661

H. C. Spencer, druggist, P. O. Blackburn Was born in Marion county, Missouri, February 4, 1853, where he was raised on a farm, and was educated. At the age of seventeen years he moved to Hunnewell, and engaged in the drug business with his brother J. A. Spencer. In 1876 he moved to Lakenan, in Shelby county, where he conducted a drug store, on his own account. In 1878 he moved to Malta Bend, in this county, where he carried on the drug business until 1880, when he moved his stock to Blackburn, where he is now engaged in selling drugs, and is doing a lively and strictly legitimate business. Page 662

Adolphus T. Catron, P. O. Blackburn. Was born in Lafayette county, Missouri, November 24, 1855, where he was raised on a farm and was educated at the State University, Columbia, Missouri, taking the scientific course. In the spring of 1879, he was engaged in the stock business in Texas. Selling at a great profit, he went to Colorado and located on a ranch. In November, 1879, he sold out his ranch, returned to Missouri and went to farming. In November, 1880, he moved to the new town of Blackburn and engaged in the lumber business, in which he is now doing a thriving business. In June, 1880, he married Miss Ella Hancock, of Quality Ridge, and has one child, Florey Rover. Page 662

John H. Hanley, P. O., Blackburn. Was born in Monroe county, Virginia, March 17, 1843. When he was but four years of age his father moved to Howard county, Missouri, where he was raised and educated. When grown, he went to Ross county, Ohio, and engaged in the stage business for eight years. In 1869 he moved back to Missouri and settled in this county, in Malta Bend, trading in stock. In 1879 he moved to Blackburn, in this county, and engaged in the livery business, in which he is doing well. Mr. Hanley was married in 1864, to Miss Maggie A. White, and has had six children, three now living: Jimmie, Edward, and Charlie. Page 662

Thomas C. Maupin, P. O., Blackburn. Was born in Monroe county, Missouri, November 11, 1851, where he lived the early part of his life, was raised and educated. In 1876 he moved to Shelbina, Missouri, where he engaged in the hardware business for one year. In 1877 he moved to Paris, Monroe county, Missouri, and carried on the hard-ware trade until February, 1879, when he worked as a drummer for a short time. In October, 1879, he came to Blackburn, and engaged in the hardware business. In February, 1871, he was married to Miss Eliza Jacoby, of Monroe county, Missouri, and has three children: Elbert E., Graves R., and Guy. Page 662

John B. Catron, P. O., Blackburn. Son of Christopher and Nancy Catron, of Lafayette county, Missouri, where he was born August 25, 1860, and raised on his father’s farm. In 1876 he went to the Sate University, Columbia, Missouri, where he was educated. While yet a young man, he traveled through most of the middle states, and obtained his views of business from observation in the different states. One year after his father’s death, which occurred in 1880, he removed to Blackburn, and engaged in the lumber business, associated with his brother Adolphus. Though quite a young man, Mr. Catron is on of Saline’s promising and wide-awake merchants. Page 662-663

John C. Howard, justice of the peace, P. O., Blackburn. Son of William and Ann E. Howard, natives of Powhatan county, Virginia, was born in Cumberland county, Virginia, September 6, 1828, where he lived until ten years old, when, in 1837, his parents moved to Booneville, Missouri, and located on a farm in Cooper county. When the war broke out he joined the state guard, as a lieutenant in Capt. Brown’s company. Was in the battle of Booneville. Remained in the Missouri state guard until after the battle of Lexington, at which he was present, and served the rest of the war in the Confederate army under Gen. Lee, and surrendered with Lee at Appomattox; and was in all the Virginia battles. In the early part of the war he was in prison at Booneville for three month. At the end of the war he returned to Saline county, and went to farming. While at Col. John Lewis’ house early in the war, he was captured there, but during the short time he was in the house, he fell in love with a bright eyed daughter of the Colonel’s, and when the war finally closed, he came to Saline, and in 1866 was married to Miss L. Lewis, and has five children: John L., B. C., M. L., Annie E., and Peyton C. Mr. Howard lives adjoining Blackburn, and has recently been appointed justice of the peace for Elmwood township, and makes an excellent magistrate. He is a large-hearted, kindly-gentleman, of the Old School, and is one of the best old Virginia families. Page 663

Francis A. Blackburn, P. O. Blackburn. Son of Dr. Churchill J. and Eleanor M. Blackburn, of Woodford county, Kentucky, and Paris, Kentucky; was born in Woodford county, Kentucky, where he lived to his thirteenth year of age, when he moved with his parents to Covington, Kentucky. In August, 1859, he was married in Covington, to Miss Lydia Paxton, daughter of A. M. and Sallie B. Paxton. The fruits of this union were six boys, three of whom are now living: Marshall P., Churchill J., and John D. At the time of his marriage, Mr. Blackburn was a wholesale grocer, conducting business in Cincinnati, and continued so engaged until the war broke out, when he bought a mill in Covington. In 1863 he moved to Woodford county, where he purchased a large estate, and went to farming and stock-raising. In 1858 he moved to Missouri, and settled on a farm in the western part of this county, on part of which the town of Blackburn now stands. Saline county is, perhaps, more indebted to Mr. Blackburn for improved stock, horses and cattle, than to any other one man. Among the horses imported from Kentucky by him, were Mambrino, Champion and Donerail and Tom Paine. He also owned Greenwood and Boone Chief. He dealt also in Short-horn and Jersey cattle, and in Cotswold sheep. He was first master of the Grange, and founder of the town of Blackburn, the place being named for him. He was greatly instrumental in bringing the C. & A. R. R. through Elmwood township. The sad circumstances of his death were thus: While preparing for a hunting expedition, and while exhibiting the working of a new pistol to a friend, it was accidentally discharged, the ball entering his left breast, and killing him instantly. His widow, Mrs. Lydia A. Blackburn, still lives upon, and carries on the farm, aided by her sons. Page 663-664

James E. Drane, P. O., Blackburn. Son of Richard and Susan Drane, natives of Maryland. Was born in Alleghany county, Maryland, in 1836. At three years of age, moved with his parents to the north of this state, to Marion county, where he lived for twenty years, and engaged in farming and stock-raising. In the spring of 1857, he came to this county and improved the farm now owned by Miss Nannie Castile, and then purchased the Judge Riland farm, on which he is now living and raising sheep. In 1863, he married Miss Mary Shaw, of Bridgewater, Massachusetts, daughter of Judge and Mrs. Shaw. Mr. Drane was married in Boston, in the midst of the rebellion. His father-in-law had been principal of the high school in New Orleans. He had taught in Mississippi, taught Jeff. Davis’ family, and was himself a class-mate of Edward Everett. Page 664

Dr. John E. Hays, P. O., Blackburn; son of Dr. John B. and Alice (Chase) Hays, the former of Kentucky, and the later of New Hampshire, was born in West Ely, Marion county, Missouri, July 27, 1856, and lived there until ten years of age, and then moved with his parents to Monroe City, and entered the Monroe City Institute, preparatory to entering college, and in 1872 went to Westminster College, Fulton, Missouri, for two years, when his father died. In 1874 and 1875 he attended the medical lectures at Louisville, Kentucky, for two years, and afterwards continued to study medicine with his preceptor, Dr. E. W. Girard, of Shelby county, Missouri. In the fall of 1877, Dr. Hays went to Kansas City, and became identified with the Kansas City Hospital as assistant physician, and attended one course at the college of physicians and surgeons at Kansas City. That winter small pox broke out, and Dr. Hays was transferred to the small pox hospital, Kansas City. He is a regular graduate of the hospital of physicians and surgeons. He then came to this county, and located in Blackburn, where he now enjoys an enviable reputation as physician and surgeon, for so young a man. On the 13th of November, 1878, he was married to Miss Emma F. Harris, daughter of Jacob R. Harris, of Palmyra, Missouri. Page 664

Richard H. Drane, P. O., Blackburn; son of Richard and Susan Drane, of Saline, formerly of Maryland, a prominent farmer and land-holder; was born in Marion county, Missouri, September 20, 1842, where he lived until 1857. In 1857 he moved to Monroe county, Missouri, and farmed in that county until 1865; he then moved to this county, bought a farm in section 23, township 50, and range 18, where he now lives, occupied with farming and stock raising. He also owns 360 acres of land in Lafayette county, adjoining Saline, which is in good repair, and rents at a handsome profit. He has more land than he needs, and holds his Lafayette farm for sale. In the war, Mr. Drane was with the south, and joined Green’s command, Monroe county, in 1861. His farm is one of the finest in the county, well improved and well stocked, not far from Blackburn. Mr. Drane deals largely in fine stock, is an enterprising and wide-a-wake farmer, and is always interested in everything that looks to progress and improvement. Page 665

M. M. Bivin, P. O., Blackburn. Son of Bozel Bivin, of Louisville, Kentucky. Was born in Louisville, in 1836. He moved, when quite young, with his father, to Missouri, and settled on a farm near Knob Noster, Johnson county, where the subject of this sketch was raised, and educated at the Woodland Academy. He lived in Johnson county until 1880, when he moved to Saline county and opened a barber’s shop at Blackburn, and is now doing a thriving business, in his own building, on Main street. On the 7th of August, 1874, he was married in Shell City, Vernon county, Missouri, to Miss Mattie Myers, and has had three children, two of whom Lula May and George W., are living. Page 665

Alexander Tilton, P. O., Blackburn. Is a son of Joseph and P. J. Tilton, of Virginia and Ohio, and was born in Meigs county, Ohio, August 2, 1852, on the banks of the Ohio river. When five years of age, he moved with his parents to Iowa, 1857, on a farm. In 1869, he came to Saline county, and taught school for four years, and himself graduated at state university, Columbia, Missouri. When only thirteen years old, he entered the Federal army, under Capt. Thos. Wilson, and was mustered out at Davenport, Iowa. In 1876, he was married to Miss Lizzie Driver, of Lafayette county, Missouri, by whom he has two children, both living. Page 665

Elder T. W. Hancock, P. O., Blackburn. Was born in Versailles, Woodford county, Kentucky, December 10, 1825, and moved with his parents to Todd county in 1828, where he was raised, and educated at Franklin College, Tennessee, for the ministry. He was employed by the Green River "Christian" corporation, in company with William E. Mobley, as an "Evangelist." In 1855 he moved to this county, and preached in Saline, Pettis, Lafayette, and Johnson counties. Has had charge of the "Christian Union" for the last ten years in his own neighborhood. In 1850 he married Miss Jacintha A. Pollard, daughter of D. H. S. E. Pollard, of Virginia. Page 665-666

Wm. H. and A. Leonard, P. O., Mt. Leonard. Sons of Nathaniel and Margaret Leonard, were born in Cooper county, Missouri—William H. in 1848, and Abiel in 1851, where they were raised on their father’s farm; went to school in Booneville to Kemper, and in 1868 entered Dartmouth College, where William graduated in 1872, and Abiel remained only three years. As soon as they returned from college they came to Saline county, in which they inherited a large body of magnificent land, and built the house in which they now live, it being then unimproved prairie. They had 1,800 acres of land, to which they added 740 acres, and put that down in wheat. They then sold this tract of 740 to Hudson & Goulding. They are now occupied in breeding Short-horns, of which they now have a herd of one hundred head. The cows were purchased of C. E. Leonard, of Cooper county, the bull of A. Renick, of Kentucky. This herd is of inestimable advantage to Saline county, as their stock is of the purest blood in the United States. They have also two flocks of fine sheep, one of 500 head, and the other of 200 head, Cotswold. They have likewise a fine stud of jacks and jennets. Page 666

Samuel O. G. Hopkins, P. O., Mt. Leonard. Son of Joseph and Elizabeth Garrett Hopkins, of Virginia. Was born in Cumberland county, Virginia, August 16, 1833, where he was raised on his father’s farm until 1857, when he entered the Cumberland (Tennessee) University, law department, where he was a classmate of J. B. Jackson. Owing to bad health, he abandoned the study of law, and returned to his farm. The war broke out, and he identified himself with the southern (now the "lost") cause. He was with Col. Woodruff, in the quartermaster department, until his health again compelled him to retire from active service, and in order to save his life, he went to the British Provinces, and stayed there until the end of the war. After which he quit farming and engaged in the milling business for three years. He then moved to this county and bought the farm on which he now lives, and deals in thorough-bred cattle. Mr. Hopkins was married in 1861 to Miss Sue Moore, daughter of Jefferson and Martha Moore, of Kentucky. They have two children: Thomas H. and John R. Page 666

Tom Blair, merchant, P. O., Salt Springs. Was born in Brant county, Canada, May 6, 1843. In 1856, moved with his father to Howard county, where he remained until 1865; then went to Macoupin county, Illinois. Here he taught school for several years. Later, was messenger on the C. & B., St. Louis division, or Wabash R. R., about five months. Then engaged in the lumber business for two years at Stanton, Macoupin county, and for two years clerked in store. In 1874, went to Macon county, Missouri, where he engaged in merchandising for four years, at which time he had his store burned. In 1878 he came to Salt Springs, where he has merchandised since. He has built up a good custom; is genial, and a man of character. Was married in Macoupin county, Illinois, December 22, 1875, to Miss Lizzie Bley, daughter of Dr. George Bley, by Rev. Mr. Graves. He has one child, Marion E. He is a master mason; was sent as a representative from La Plata lodge, Macon county, to the grand lodge of the state. He has also been a member of the Presbyterian Church since 1871. Page 666-667

Geo. W. Coyner, farmer, P. O., Mt. Leonard. Was born in Augusta county, Virginia, January 29, 1843. His father D. D. (mother Celestine), was raised and educated in same county. Farmed with his father until he came to this county, in 1867. Farmed on rented land, and painted until 1867, the purchased his present farm, where he has since resided. He has a nice farm of 120 acres, all in cultivation. He enlisted in Confederate service, under Gov. Jackson, 1862. Was with Jackson in the fight at Port Republic, when he was wounded. After that battle was under Gen. Fitz Hugh Lee. Was detailed by Gen. Fitz Hugh Lee. Carried dispatches for Gen. Mumford. Was in the army till close of the war. Was married January 29, 1868, to Miss Mattie R. Deal, of Saline county, by Rev. B. Barber. Children, Laura A., Floyd S. Member of Presbyterian Church since 1874. Page 667

John Ing, minister and farmer. P. O., Salt Springs. Was born in Franklin county, Illinois, August 21, 1840. His early schooling was received in Franklin and Pike counties. He farmed with his father, Rev. Stanford Ing, until 1858, then went to Dent county, this state, where he attended the Saline Academy and taught fall school. In 1859 he attended the Asbury University, Greencastle, Indiana, where he completed his preparatory classical studies before and after the war. He graduated in June, 1868. His grade entitled him to deliver the valedictory address, which he did, and received his diploma with the highest honors of the school. After leaving school, went to Phelps county, and in the fall election was elected county surveyor, which position he filled until spring of 1869. He then began preaching, and in 1870 joined St. Louis M. E. Conference. He has been on missionary duty since. Was married June 30, 1870 to Miss Lucy E. Lawley, a graduate of Mt. Holyoke Seminary, Mass., then a resident of Putnamville, Ind., (by Rev. R. Hawley, her father.) Children: John H., (living), (two dead.) September 1st, 1870, sailed for China, under appointment by missionary society, where he remained about four years, preaching there. Went to Japan, where he preached, and took charge of the Too Gijuku schools at Hirosaki. Languages taught were English, Chinese, and Japanese. The schools were very prosperous, and when he left they had 400 students. He returned to his home in Saline county, after remaining in Japan three and a half years, where he has since resided. Is a member of the Delta Capa Epsilon college society. Enlisted in the Union service under Col. John Glover. Was captain in Gen. Davison’s division, and Gen. Steele’s command. Was transferred from company G to company L, 3d Mo. Vol. Cavalry. Page 667-668

Thos. B. Mikels, farmer, P. O. Salt Springs. Was born in Montgomery county, Indiana, January 3, 1835. Was raised on a farm, and received his early education in the early schools where were used three-legged stools; 1856 went to Davis county, Missouri, where he remained till 1864, when he returned to Indiana. In 1868 came to Saline county, and purchased where he has since resided. Was married September, 1854, to Miss Emily Nichols, of Montgomery county, Indiana, by Rev. Thomas Hamilton. He has eight children: Albert S., Isaac J., Laura S., Columbus, Joel N., Debbie B, Obie D. and John G. Enlisted in United States service, Twenty-third Missouri infantry. Was mustered in as first lieutenant, company H. Went to St. Louis, where he received clothing and arms. Was stationed at Chillicothe in 1863; was taken prisoner April 6, 1862; was paroled October 12, 1862. Owns 260 acres of fine land. Page 668

I. N. Elsea, farmer, P. O., Salt Springs. Was born in Fauquier county, Virginia, November 4, 1832. In 1837 moved with his father of Lafayette county, Missouri. Farmed with his father here till his father’s death, March 16, 1850, aged 57; then came to Saline county, where he purchased his present farm, of 240 acres. Was married December 28, 1858, to Miss Nancy A. Fulkerson, of Saline county. Children, seven: Freddie R., Fannie S., Alice, Geo. N., Emma J., Lillian and Ernest. He is a master mason. Enlisted in Federal service, under Captain Fulkerson, company C., Missouri infantry; afterwards captain company F., Seventy-first regiment, E. M. M. Page 668

Catherine King, P. O., Shackelford. Was born in County Clare, Ireland, in 1816. Came to this county as early as March, 1849, with her husband, Thos. King. For three years he farmed north of where he bought and has farmed since, till his death, September 18, 1878, and where his widow now resides. She was married in Ireland to Mr. Thos. King, in 1836. She has six children: Matthew, Michael, John, James, Mary J. and Catherine. Before division, the farm contained 640 acres; section 22, township 50, range 22. Page 668

Chrisman H. Parker, P. O., Elmwood, farmer. Was born in Claiborne county, Tennessee, July 12, 1828. His father, James Parker was English. His mother was of French descent. He was raised in Claiborne county, and farmed with his father till he was eighteen years old, then volunteered in the Mexican war, but was not received at that time. He returned home and went to Kentucky. In 1847, at Summerset, he volunteered again, was received and went first to Louisville, where he was mustered in about September. Went to News Orleans by steamboat, there took ship and landed at Vera Cruz last of November. He was under Cerro Gordo Williams. Being under the second call, was not in any regular engagement. Was honorably discharged July 25, 1848, when he returned to his home in Tennessee, and entered the academy at Taewell. April, 1849, he came to Uno, Cass county, Missouri, and located his land warrant. He went to school in Cass county five months, taught school three months, sold his land and went to California the 1st of May, arriving there the 20th of September, and worked in the mines about a year and a-half, then went via. San Francisco, across the isthmus of Panama, on the Atlantic, to Cuba, to Key West, and to New York, where he came by railroad (except across Lake Erie, to Cincinnati, where he took stage to Summerset Kentucky. Was married February 24, 1853 at Summerset, to Miss Lucy Crain. By this wife he has eleven children: Arzela, Alfred, Judson, Andrew D., Annie, Charles H., Clarence, Kate, Amber, Pearlie, and Harry. Came to Saline county April 24, 1853, and has resided here since, except whilst in the war. Enlisted in the United States service August 9, 1862, under Capt. Love, a recruiting officer. Was in the United Sates service till the close of the war. Was wounded in the battle at Brownsville, Kansas, August 25, 1863, but was not disabled from service, though he was shot in several places. Was taken prisoner by the bushwhackers in February, 1863. After some abuse and travel, was released and returned to his command. Was in battles at Lone Jack, Prairie Grove, Van Buren, Brownsville, (Kansas,) Little Rock, Moore’s Bottom, and Saline River. Was discharged June 13, 1865. He returned home to Saline county, where he has since resided. Mater Mason and Odd Fellow. Page 668-669

Wm. B. Hopper, farmer and stock-raiser, P. O., Salt Springs. Owns 364 acres of land, and was born in Warren county Tennessee, April 2, 1828. Farmed with his father until he was eighteen years old, then went to Shelby county, Texas, and volunteered in the Santa Fe war, when twenty-one years old, but has taken sick and didn’t serve. He returned to Tennessee when twenty-three years old, and October 17, 1851, was married to Miss Mary A Koger. Children: James T., John F., Sarah R., Cicero A., Tennessee, Wm. B., Millie B., Gilmer, and Eddie E. Farmed in Tennessee until April, 1857; then went to Carroll county, Arkansas, where he engaged in cattle speculation. In 1862 went to Stone county, Missouri; in 1863 to Springfield; 1864 to Marshall, this county; in 1864 and 1865 was sub-contractor to furnish U. S. army with beef, and in 1865 was buying freighting cattle and delivering same at Fort Leavenworth; the same year purchased his present farm, where he moved his family in 1866. From 1867 to 1872 handled cattle from Texas to this state. From 1872 to 1879 he has handled cattle on his farm. In 1880 he located a range in Camanche county, Kansas, for the purpose of raising cattle. He has 400 at present. Is a good judge of cattle and has been a successful trader. Page 669-670

Samuel D. Chamberlain, farmer and stock-raiser, P O., Salt Springs. Was born in Columbus county, Ohio, August 22, 1832. He was educated partly in the public schools of Columbus county, and partly in Logan county, his father moving to Logan, when he was eleven years old. He lived with his father in Logan until his father’s death, January, 1871. In 1873 he came to this county and purchased the farm he now lives on. Was married September 29, 1858, to Miss Maria V. Thornton, of Fauquier county, Virginia, (born September 26, 1836). They have four children: Minnie M., Annie M., Charlie E., and Robert R. Mr. Chamberlain is a man of sterling integrity, and a man that his county may well be proud of. His farm shows him to be a man of energy and enterprise. After his marriage, he left his father, and engaged in the trade of plastering, until he came to this county. He has a handsome two story residence, good barn, orchard, and plenty of fine water. Devotes his time to stock raising and feeding. Page 670

Henry B. Winslow, deceased. Was born in Orange county, Virginia, September 27, 1811. Was educated in the private schools. He farmed with his father till his father’s death, then purchased the homestead. He was married March 5, 1832, to Miss Drucilla A. F. Goodall, of Orange county. To this union were born Edward M., John B., Mary M., Martha E., Robert M., Harriet A: E., Thomas M., Henry B., Valentine I., Richard C., Frances C., and Moses. In 1855 he came to this county and commenced farming on the place his widow now resides on. He was blessed with good health up to the year of his death, May 1877. He was a magistrate in Orange county, Virginia, for several terms. Page 670

Patrick Loftus, farmer and stock-raiser, 760 acres of land, P. O., Shackelford. Mr. Loftus was born in county Mayo, Ireland, March 12, 1814. Was educated in the public schools of same city. In May, 1836, he came to America, engaged in boot and shoe making, in the city of New York, for two years. In 1838, went to Philadelphia, where he followed his trade two years more, and from thence to Charleston, South Carolina, where he carried on his trade till the year 1845. In that year, 1845, he came via New Orleans and St. Louis, to Arrow Rock, in this county, and in April, rented a farm, south of Shackelford. In the fall, he entered 120 acres of land, and 640 since, where he has farmed successfully since. He was married in New York City, November, 1838, to Miss Bridget Flynn, a native of Ireland, born December 26, 1812, in county Mayo. By this union were born: Ellen, Catrine, John, Lizzie, Rosa, William, Sarah, Agnes and Teresa. Himself and lady are still living, and in good health, and are enjoying the evening of a useful and happy life. Page 670-671

Rev. Edward Hamill, P. O. Shackelford. Father Hamill was born in Armagh county, Ireland, March 26, 1814. He received his early education at Miller’s Academy, in the same county. In 1834, he crossed the ocean to America, remaining two years in New York. From New York he went to Virginia, remaining five years, then to St. Louis, where he completed his education for the priesthood. In 1849, he was ordained and has been on missionary duty nearly ever since. Immediately on leaving the seminary, he entered upon sacerdotal duty in St. Louis, having charge of different churches until the spring of 1853. In 1853, sent to St. Pauls, in St. Charles county. From 1853 to 1859, he ministered to churches in the various counties north of the river. In 1859, he was sent to Lexington, Missouri. In 1867, came to Saline county, where he now has charge of the "Church of Enunciation," in section 10. His residence is near the church. He is the oldest ordained priest in the state of Missouri. Though many summers have passed over his head, he is very jovial, and enjoys a good hearty laugh. He begun to build the church, a handsome stone one, in 1878, and has just finished and dedicated the same. He also was chiefly instrumental in building the large brick Catholic Church in Marshall. Page 671

Cooper B. Rountree, P. O., Shackelford; farmer and stock raiser; was born in Maury county, Tennessee, January 16, 1830. He was six years old when his father moved to Green county, Missouri; was educated in the public schools of that county. In 1850 he went to California, and engaged in stock speculation for ten years. He traveled extensively, being in Texas four years engaged in grazing sheep. In 1865 purchased his present home of 308 acres, in Saline county. In 1870 sold his farm in Saline and moved to Lafayette county. In 1879 exchanged his farm there for his old home in Saline, where he has since resided. His farm is one of model improvements, supplied with pure living water from his two large springs and a well with wind pump. Married August 30, 1863 to Miss Ellen P. Smith, of Henry county, Kentucky. They have three children: Mary C., Martha M., and Benjamin F. Page 671

William H. Vaughan, P. O., Shackelford; farmer; was born in Vermont, near Burlington, on Lake Champlain, October, 9, 1814, and lived there until he was six months old, then moved with his parents to Ohio. He remained there until he was five years old, then moved with his parents to Indiana, and there he received a common school education. He went to Boone county, Kentucky, when he was twenty-two years old, and on February 22, 1838, was married to Miss Emily Balsley, of North Bend, same county. By this union they have six children: Fannie A., George B., Eva M., Ada A., Arthur W. and William H. In 1841 he came to Saline county, Missouri, and purchased 1,000 acres of land, and then returned to Kentucky. In 1849 he went to California for two years, then returned to Kentucky. In March, 1867, he moved with his family to his farm in Saline county, where he has since resided. June, 1862, he enlisted in the Confederate service under General Humphrey Marshall. A short time after, he was made captain of company B., Third Kentucky, mounted riflemen. Was under General Hodge’s command, from spring of 1863, until he was badly wounded and taken prisoner in November. He was shortly afterwards paroled by General Granger, and returned to Kentucky, where he remained with his family until the war closed. After the war, June 9th, took the oath and has since then been a peaceful and law-abiding citizen. Whilst General Burnside had charge of the troops at Cincinnati, his (Vaughan’s) wife was arrested on suspicion of having correspondence with her husband. She remained in prison three weeks, sometimes sleeping on a bench and sometimes on straw. After General McClellen took charge of the troops there, she was sent home without trial. Page 671-672

P. C. Armentrout, merchant, P. O., Shackelford. Was born in Rockingham county, Virginia, November 4, 1848. His father was Jeremiah, and his mother Sarah J. Armentrout. Was raised and educated in the Oak Grove Academy of the same county. He remained and farmed with his father until he came to Saline county, landing at Miami, October 4, 1869. He taught school in the county for four years. In 1863, he rented a farm, and began farming and trading in cattle. He was a successful trader, and in August, 1876, purchased land south of Shackelford. He moved there in 1877, where he remained until 1879, when he sold out and came to Shackelford, and commenced buying and shipping grain for Rea & Page. In 1878, he was appointed deputy assessor, which position he held until 1879. First of April, 1880, engaged in the grocery business with Mr. G. Gauldin. The firm was known as Armentrout & Gauldin. He afterwards bought the full interest, then his brother came in as partner, making the firm Armentrout & Bro. Armentrout & Bro. are wide awake men, do business on the square, and have built for themselves a reputation as first-class men. Was married March 8, 1871, to Miss Rachel V. Kiser, of Saline county, by Rev. Joshua Barbee. By this union they have three children: Ida M., John W., and Lottie Lee. He is a master mason, and also master workman of the A. O. U. W. Lodge. Page 672

J. S. Brice, druggist, P. O. Shackelford. Was born in Audrain county, Missouri, November 5, 1857. Ancestry, Mr. John J. and Mrs. Charlotte Brice. February, 1871, he came with his father to Saline county. Here he has speculated successfully in sheep for some years, until engaging in the drug business at Shackelford. Mr. Brice is a young man of moral, temperate and social habits, enterprising, and can show a nice assortment of drugs and medicines. Page 672-673

Jacob C. Keithly, P. O. Shackelford. Was born in Ralls county, Missouri, March 4, 1831. His grandfather, Jacob, lived in southern Kentucky, where he raised a large family of children, eighteen in number (thirteen sons and five daughters), most of whom moved to Missouri before it became a state, (one of whom was killed by the Indians in St. Charles county); and they settled in St. Charles, Pike and Ralls counties. His son Levi (father of Jacob C.), married Miss Fanny White in Kentucky, and came to Missouri in 1819, and was one of the pioneer settlers of Ralls county, where he lived and farmed until 1875, and died at the advanced age of eighty-one years. He was a soldier in the Black Hawk war of 1832. Jacob C., the subject of this sketch, was the eighth of nine children by his father’s first wife. Was educated at Van Rensselaer Academy, in Ralls county, and at Westminster College, Fulton, Missouri. In April, 1857, he came to Saline county and engaged in teaching for three years in the Petra neighborhood. October 27, 1857, he was married to Miss Jane M. Vawter, daughter of Wm. Vawter, of Boone county, Missouri, and born January 16, 1837. Of this union were born eight children, viz.: Irving W., June 20, 1858; Herbert R., June 2, 1862; Flora, December 3, 1863; Ella, August 28, 1866; George E., December 20, 1868, and Rowland Hill, June 1, 1877, now living; and Joseph C. and Stanley, who died early. In September, 1860, he moved to the neighborhood of Salt Springs, where he now lives. The next spring the war began, but, although Mr. Keithley espoused the Union cause, he did not volunteer into the service. When the order to enroll in the Enrolled Missouri Militia was made, however, he obeyed, and was in the service at Marshall for one year—about four months of active service—and there being no further need of his services, he paid the commutation tax, which exempted him thereafter. In September, 1852, he united with the Presbyterian Church (O.S.), in Ralls county, and has never regretted the step from that day to this, but has striven to live the life of a consistent Christian. Since the war he has devoted himself to farming. Latterly he has been striving to effect the propagation of different fish in several ponds, fed by lasting springs. In one he has native fish, such as perch, newlites or crappies, and channel cats; in another, German carp, obtained from Washington City. His object is to make these ponds furnish fish as food the year round. His farm is well improved, containing,, among many other improvements, a stone milk-house, through which cold spring water flows, keeping milk and butter sweet and fresh in the hottest weather. Page 673

History of Saline County, Missouri 1881

Submitted by Vicki Piper