The county was divided into six townships by the county court in 1833. Since the original formation there has been no change in them except the change of the name of "Willow Creek" to Mill Creek Township.
Richland forms the northwest corner of the county. Flat and Richland Creeks join and form the Lamine Creek. Flat Creek is crooked through fourteen sections, from where it enters the township at Section 18 to its mouth. This creek bounds the timber on the south of "little Morgan" Prairie; Haw Creek gives it abundant water and drainage on the south part. It is divided into two voting precincts, contains eight school houses, and Bethlehem Church. Florence Village is on Section 11. The township has a population of 2,000.
Haw Creek Township
Haw Creek lies in the central estern part of the county. A high rolling prairie extends from the east ot the west side through its center; to the north and south of this are excellent timber and mineral lands. It ontains four congressional townships, in each of which is a voting precinct. Jones chapel Church and school-house are near the north township line. Three Lurtheran Churches and Freedom Church, and Stover Postoffice, a Baptist Church and Union Church, and nine school-houses are also in the township, which has a population of 2,400.
Buffaflo Township is in the southwest corner of the county. It is all timber-land, and is finely watered and drained, the Osage River forming a part of its boundary; the river and creek bottoms are deep alluvial loam that makes them the best agricultural lands. The township is divided into three voting precincts, Brandy Hill, Boyler's and River View. Proctor Post-office is also here, and five school-houses. Population 1,400.
Osage Township forms the boundary of the southeast corner of the county. It is also partly bounded by the Osage River. Some very rich farm and pasture lands are found in the several bottoms of the Osage River and the Gravois, Indian and Mill Creeks. All these streams water and drain this township. The land is heavily timbered, and underneath most of it is the yet richer deposits of coal,iron, lead and zinc. The township contains two post-offices -- Cape Galena and Gladstone; Hame's Mill, saw and grist; three churches, Catholic, Methodist and Union, and three school-houses. It has three voting precincts. Population, 1,550.
Moreau Township is north of Osage Township, and forums part of the east and northeast county line. In lead and coal it is probably the richest part of the county, and especially in its coal fields, some of which have been operated for years, and others are being opened. It is also rich as an agricultural district, the larger part of the prairie in the county being within its borders; this is rich and rolling, andis drained by Moreau Creek on the northwest, and on the north and east by Smith and Curris Forks of Moreau Creek, and on the south by Gravois and Indian Creeks. It is divided into three voting precincts. Versailles, Barnett and Excelsior are in this township. Near the center is Big Rock Church, Masonic Hall and school-house, on Section 9; Hopewell Church on Section 29, Wesley Church on Section 25, Rock Spring Church on Section 4, Mount Zion Church on Section 9, and St. Martin's Post-office on Section 4. Population, 4,350.
Mill Creek Township
Mill Creek Township forms the north and part of the east boundary lines of the county. It is mostly timber-land, and is watered by Big and Little Richland Creeks. The southwest portion is prairie; the whole is fine farming land. The railroad from Tipton to Versailles runs through the east and southeastern part of it. The township is divided into two precincts. The main line of the Missouri Pacific Railroad passes through the northwest corner on Sections 10, 11, 14 and 15; on this line is the village of Syracuse. The township has two churches and five schools. Akinsville is on Section 19. Among the early settlers were Elijah Shanklin, John Jamison, John Carpenter, James Bridges and Jonathan Huff. There is a saw-mill three miles southeast of Syracuse, and ten miles south is a flour-mill. The population is 2,250.
History of Cole, Moniteau, Morgan, Benton, Miller, Maries and Osage Counties, Missouri, Goodspeed Publishing Co., 1889.